10 Cleanest Cities in Africa 2024

What are the cleanest cities in Africa? Everyone loves a healthy and clean environment however, many places in the world are faced with various forms of pollution. Unfortunately, numerous cities are filled with refuse, polluted water bodies, and unhealthy air.

Overall, the situation might look bad but there are some cities in every continent (including Africa) that are clean, healthy, and unpolluted. Such places have set up policies that have resulted in green cities.

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Cleanest Cities in Africa

Here are the 10 cleanest cities in Africa.

Windhoek (Namibia)

image – ICLEI

Windhoek is the capital city of Nambia which has modern architecture, well-maintained public facilities and clean streets. Solid waste removal is handled by the Solid Waste Management Agency which also has an active recycling program.

Dar es Salaam (Tanzania)

cleanest cities in africa
image – Appex Tours

This coastal city takes matters of public hygiene and sanitation seriously. First, it has greenery that absorbs carbon dioxide and provides large amounts of oxygen. Next, the city performs cleanups on all parts of the city including its reservoirs. It has even placed a ban on plastic bags to reduce land pollution levels.

Accra, Ghana

cleanest cities in africa
image – Mansion Global

Accra is another coastal city that has a clean and healthy environment. It boasts of clean avenues as well as dedicated spaces for gardens and parks.

The Environmental Committee is charged with handling environmental initiatives, rehabilitation, and public hygiene. Although the city has a spot on our list, it tends to accumulate refuse quickly.

Gaborone (Botswana)

Gaborone is a modern, cosmopolitan city but small city. However, it grows at an amazing rate. It also offers an interesting city centre and essential services.

cleanest cities in africa
image: Booking

The city is managed by the Gaborone City Council which has set up a program to keep the city clean. This program covers frequent garbage collection, recycling and composting.

Residents and visitors are met impressed by the city’s parks and gardens that provide fresh air and shade. Furthermore, the city has trained officials to help collect waste, enforce laws and teach the populace on how to reduce, reuse and recycle waste.

Nairobi (Kenya)

Cleanest cities in Africa
image – MagicalKenya

Named after the river that flows through the city, Nairobi is the capital and largest city in Kenya. It is also known as the Green City in the Sun because it has an exciting mix of valleys, hills and open green spaces such as the Uhuru Park.

Although the city has a huge population, it records low C02 emissions than other cities of its size. This is because most of its inhabitants ride bicycles to work to beat the monstrous traffic.

Furthermore, the city has set up laws banning the use of plastic bags by residents and visitors. Fines and jail times are also attached to littering of the streets with cigarette butts, sweet wrappers, and solid waste.

Johannesburg (South Africa)

Jo'Burg - SA

Also known as Joburg, this city is the largest in South Africa and one of the largest urban areas on the globe. It is also the capital of the Gauteng province.

The city offers natural beauty due to its beautiful tended gardens in every location. It also has a wide range of parks, gardens, and avenues.

One of South Africa’s most densely populated cities, Johannesburg, has surprisingly been awarded the title of the most environmentally friendly metropolitan area in the country.

In 2017, this city was awarded the greenest metropolitan city in South Africa. Originally infamous for high levels of pollution, industrial waste and traffic jams, the municipality has stepped up efforts to provide a healthy and clean environment for its citizens.

Port Louis (Mauritius)

Port Louis - Mauritius
image – Mercury Holidays

This beautiful city stands as the capital of Mauritius and has a busy port that supports the island nation’s economy. It also offers a clean environment that attracts visitors from around the world.

Although it has a large population, Port Louis has a high degree of air purity that is comparable to the cleanest countries in the world. It also has an efficient infrastructure for waste disposal which is managed by its Public Health Department.

Tunis, Tunisia

This is the capital of this beautiful North African country. It also stands as its largest city as well as one of the neatest.

Tunis - cleanest cities in Africa
image – Lonely Planet

Waste disposal and related activities are handled by the City Council while the local authorities are setting up plans to power up the city with green energy.

Cape Town (South Africa)

Cape Town is another beautiful South African city that ranks highly on the list of African cities that take hygiene seriously. Known as the legislative capital of South Africa, the city is also a major destination for visitors across the world.

Public hygiene is maintained by local authorities while efforts are made by concerned agencies to upgrade its beaches and public spaces.

Furthermore, the city provides recycling and waste drop-off infrastructure where residents can dispose of recyclables, gardens and other types of waste. It also has three active landfill sites.

Kigali – Rwanda

Kigali has taken numerous steps to become the cleanest city in Africa. First, it replaced the slums with decent roads and housing. It has also relocated factories and businesses from its wetlands in a bid to protect the environment.

Kigali - cleanest city in Africa
image – Nomad Africa

The capital city has also placed a ban on the use of plastic bags as well as increasing the presence of cleaning services companies.